This program accepts coefficients of a quadratic equation from the user and displays the roots (both real and complex roots depending upon the discriminant ).

To understand this example, you should have the knowledge of the following C programming topics:

The standard form of a quadratic equation is:

ax^{2}+ bx + c = 0, where a, b and c are real numbers and a ≠ 0

The term `b`

is known as the discriminant of a quadratic equation. The discriminant tells the nature of the roots.^{2}-4ac

- If discriminant is greater than 0, the roots are real and different.
- If discriminant is equal to 0, the roots are real and equal.
- If discriminant is less than 0, the roots are complex and different.

```
#include <stdio.h>
#include <math.h>
int main()
{
double a, b, c, discriminant, root1, root2, realPart, imaginaryPart;
printf("Enter coefficients a, b and c: ");
scanf("%lf %lf %lf",&a, &b, &c);
discriminant = b*b-4*a*c;
// condition for real and different roots
if (discriminant > 0)
{
// sqrt() function returns square root
root1 = (-b+sqrt(discriminant))/(2*a);
root2 = (-b-sqrt(discriminant))/(2*a);
printf("root1 = %.2lf and root2 = %.2lf",root1 , root2);
}
//condition for real and equal roots
else if (discriminant == 0)
{
root1 = root2 = -b/(2*a);
printf("root1 = root2 = %.2lf;", root1);
}
// if roots are not real
else
{
realPart = -b/(2*a);
imaginaryPart = sqrt(-discriminant)/(2*a);
printf("root1 = %.2lf+%.2lfi and root2 = %.2f-%.2fi", realPart, imaginaryPart, realPart, imaginaryPart);
}
return 0;
}
```

**Output **

Enter coefficients a, b and c: 2.3 4 5.6 Roots are: -0.87+1.30i and -0.87-1.30i

In this program, library function `sqrt()`

is used to find the square root of a number. To learn more, visit: sqrt() function.