Python Built-in Function


The Python interpreter has a number of functions that are always available for use. These functions are called built-in functions. For example, print() function prints the given object to the standard output device (screen) or to the text stream file.

In Python 3.6 (latest version), there are 68 built-in functions. They are listed below alphabetically along with brief description.

Method Description
Python abs() returns absolute value of a number
Python all() returns true when all elements in iterable is true
Python any() Checks if any Element of an Iterable is True
Python ascii() Returns String Containing Printable Representation
Python bin() converts integer to binary string
Python bool() Converts a Value to Boolean
Python bytearray() returns array of given byte size
Python bytes() returns immutable bytes object
Python callable() Checks if the Object is Callable
Python chr() Returns a Character (a string) from an Integer
Python classmethod() returns class method for given function
Python compile() Returns a Python code object
Python complex() Creates a Complex Number
Python delattr() Deletes Attribute From the Object
Python dict() Creates a Dictionary
Python dir() Tries to Return Attributes of Object
Python divmod() Returns a Tuple of Quotient and Remainder
Python enumerate() Returns an Enumerate Object
Python eval() Runs Python Code Within Program
Python exec() Executes Dynamically Created Program
Python filter() constructs iterator from elements which are true
Python float() returns floating point number from number, string
Python format() returns formatted representation of a value
Python frozenset() returns immutable frozenset object
Python getattr() returns value of named attribute of an object
Python globals() returns dictionary of current global symbol table
Python hasattr() returns whether object has named attribute
Python hash() returns hash value of an object
Python help() Invokes the built-in Help System
Python hex() Converts to Integer to Hexadecimal
Python id() Returns Identify of an Object
Python input() reads and returns a line of string
Python int() returns integer from a number or string
Python isinstance() Checks if a Object is an Instance of Class
Python issubclass() Checks if a Object is Subclass of a Class
Python iter() returns an iterator
Python len() Returns Length of an Object
Python list() creates a list in Python
Python locals() Returns dictionary of a current local symbol table
Python map() Applies Function and Returns a List
Python max() returns the largest item
Python memoryview() returns memory view of an argument
Python min() returns the smallest value
Python next() Retrieves next item from the iterator
Python object() creates a featureless object
Python oct() returns the octal representation of an integer
Python open() Returns a file object
Python ord() returns an integer of the Unicode character
Python pow() returns the power of a number
Python print() Prints the Given Object
Python property() returns the property attribute
Python range() return sequence of integers between start and stop
Python repr() returns a printable representation of the object
Python reversed() returns the reversed iterator of a sequence
Python round() rounds a number to specified decimals
Python set() constructs and returns a set
Python setattr() sets the value of an attribute of an object
Python slice() returns a slice object
Python sorted() returns a sorted list from the given iterable
Python staticmethod() transforms a method into a static method
Python str() returns the string version of the object
Python sum() Adds items of an Iterable
Python super() Returns a proxy object of the base class
Python tuple() Returns a tuple
Python type() Returns the type of the object
Python vars() Returns the __dict__ attribute
Python zip() Returns an iterator of tuples
Python __import__() Function called by the import statement