Python String casefold()

Python String casefold()

The casefold() method is an aggressive lower() method which converts strings to case folded strings for caseless matching.

The casefold() method removes all case distinctions present in a string. It is used for caseless matching, i.e. ignores cases when comparing.

For example, the German lowercase letter ß is equivalent to ss. However, since ß is already lowercase, the lower() method does nothing to it. But, casefold() converts it to ss.


The syntax of casefold() is:

string.casefold()

Parameters for casefold()

The casefold() method doesn't take any parameters.


Return value from casefold()

The casefold() method returns the case folded string.


Example 1: Lowercase using casefold()

string = "PYTHON IS AWESOME"

# print lowercase string
print("Lowercase string:", string.casefold())

Output

Lowercase string: python is awesome

Example 2: Comparison using casefold()

firstString = "der Fluß"
secondString = "der Fluss"

# ß is equivalent to ss
if firstString.casefold() == secondString.casefold():
    print('The strings are equal.')
else:
    print('The strings are not equal.')

Output

The strings are equal.